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as amended Saturday, July 28, 2018
The Rio Grande Soaring Association, Inc. is a non-profit corporation which functions principally in the southern
portion of New Mexico. The primary purpose of the corporation is to promote the education and safety of hang
glider pilots as well as the general public's understanding of the sport.
Article I. Membership
A. Classes. The corporation shall have the following classes of membership. Their respective rights are as
1. Full Membership includes the right to vote on Corporation affairs, hold office and, upon
qualification, have the right to fly at sites controlled by the corporation. A subscription to the
newsletter is included.
2. Associate Members are permitted to attend all club functions and may fly at sites controlled by
the corporation.
B. Admission. All applicants for full membership are encouraged to also be members of the United States Hang
Gliding and Paragliding Association (USHPA) and other organizations that the Board might recommend from
time to time. An applicant shall be admitted to full membership in the Corporation only on making application
therefor, meeting those requirements set by the officers, and payment of dues. Applicants for Associate
membership shall be accepted upon payment of dues. In order to remain compliant with USHPA's Chapter
requirements, a percentage of RGSA's Full Membership members must also be current USHPA members. That
percentage may change from time to time, and will be referred to in these bylaws as the “USHPA Percentage”
(currently 70% at the time of this revision). The RGSA shall limit its Full Membership to at all times maintain
the “USHPA Percentage” of current USHPA members. This limitation shall be done by removing full members
from the Full Membership roster and placing them on the Associate Membership roster in order to satisfy the
USHPA Percentage for Full Members. The removal of members from the Full Membership roster shall proceed
in order starting with the most recent applicant to the RGSA and proceeding toward the most senior applicant to
the RGSA. This has the effect of maintaining senior members who may drop their USHPA membership. It also
has the effect of encouraging new RGSA applicants to benefit from being USHPA members.
C. Suspension, Expulsion and Removal from Office. A member may be removed from elected or appointed
office, have his or her membership suspended for a period, or be expelled from the Corporation for cause, such
as violation of any of these Bylaws or violation of flight regulations or other rules of the Corporation . Such
action shall require a two-thirds (2/3) vote of all the voting members at two consecutive regular meetings,
provided that a statement of the charges and a notice of the time and place of the meeting have been mailed to
the member at least thirty (30) days prior to the meeting, and that the member will have an opportunity to
present a defense at the meeting.
D. Transfer of Membership. Membership in this Corporation is not transferable or assignable.
E. Termination of Membership. Membership shall terminate on the death or resignation of a member or upon
termination by the Corporation (in accordance with Article II, Section C of these Bylaws) or after expiration of
the annual dues. On Such termination any right, title or interest of the membership in or to the property and
assets of the Corporation shall cease. All members who are renewed after any such termination shall retain their
original application date with respect to Article II, Section B of these Bylaws.
Article II. Dues
A. Annual Dues. The Board of Directors may determine from time to time the amount of the initiation fee, if
any, and the amount of annual dues payable to the Corporation by full and associate members.
B. Payment of Dues and Fees. Annual dues shall become payable on the first day of the calendar year.
C. Default and Termination of Membership. When any member of the Corporation shall be in default in the
payment of dues for a period of (3) months from the date on which dues became payable, his or her membership
may be terminated by the officers as provided in Article I of these Bylaws.
Article III. Meetings of the Members
A. Annual Meeting. An annual meeting of the members shall be held on the last Saturday in the month of
January in each year beginning with the year 1993, at the hour of 7:00 p.m. and at the regular location, for the
purpose of electing officers and for the transaction of such other business as may come before the meeting. If the
election of officers shall not be held on the day designated herein for any annual meeting, the officers shall cause
the election to be held at a special meeting of the members as soon thereafter as conveniently may be done.
B. Regular Meetings. Monthly meetings shall be held on the last Saturday of each month and at a regular
location established by the officers.
  Quarterly meetings shall be help on the last Saturday of April, July, and October at a regular location established by the officers. (Changed at the 2nd quarterly meeting help April 27th, 2019)
C. Quorum. Members holding one fifth (1/5) of the votes entitled to be cast on the matter to be voted upon
represented in person, plus at least one (1) officer, shall constitute a quorum. A majority of the votes entitled to
be cast on a matter to be voted upon by the members present at a meeting at which a quorum is present shall be
necessary for the adoption thereof unless a greater proportion is required by the Articles of Incorporation or
these Bylaws.
D. Notice of Members' Meetings.
1. Unless otherwise provided in the articles of incorporation or by the Bylaws, written notice stating the place,
day and hour of the meeting, and in case of a special meeting, the purpose or purposes of which the meeting is
called, shall be delivered not less than five (5) nor more than fifty (50) days before the date of the meeting, either
personally or by mail or by email, by or at the direction of the President, or the Secretary/Treasurer, or the
officers or persons calling the meeting, to each member entitled to vote at the meeting. If mailed, the notice shall
be deemed to be delivered when deposited in the United States mail addressed to the member at his or her
address as it appears on the record of the Corporation, with postage thereon prepaid.
2. Attendance at any meeting by a member shall constitute a waiver of notice of the meeting, except where a
member attends a meeting for the expressed purpose of objecting to the transaction of any business because the
meeting is not lawfully called or convened.
Article IV. Board of Directors
A. Directors. The Directors of the Corporation shall consist of a President, a Vice-President, a Secretary, a
Treasurer, and Safety Officer. A member may be elected to more than one office.
B. Election and Terms. The President, Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer, and Safety Officer shall be elected
by a majority of the voting members of the annual meeting and shall hold office for a period of twelve (12)
months or until their successors are elected. There shall be no limit to the number of terms each officer may
C. President. The President shall be the principal executive officer of the Corporation and shall in general,
supervise and control all the business and affairs of the Corporation. He or she shall preside at all meetings of
the members. He or she may sign any deeds, mortgages, bonds, contracts or other instruments that the officers
have authorized to be executed. In general, he or she shall perform all duties incident to the office of President
and such other duties as may be prescribed by the Corporation.
D. Vice-President. The Vice-President, or in the absence of the Vice President, any other Officer, present, shall
be in charge of parliamentary procedure at all regular Corporation meetings. He or she is the co-chairperson of
all Association committees. In absence of the President or in the event of his or her inability or refusal to act, the
Vice-President shall perform the duties of the President and shall have all the powers of and be subject to any
and all restrictions on the President.
E. Secretary and Treasurer. The Secretary shall keep the minutes of the meetings of the members, see that all
notices are duly given in accordance with these Bylaws or as required by law, be custodian of the Corporation
records, keep a register of the post office address, phone number, and email address of each member, and, in
general, perform all duties that may be assigned by the President.The Treasurer shall have charge and custody
of and be responsible for all funds and securities of the Corporation, receive and give receipts for monies due
and payable to the Corporation from any source whatsoever and deposit all such monies in the name of the
Corporation in such banks, trusts, companies or other depositories as shall be selected by the officers, and shall
perform such other duties as may be incident to the office of Treasurer.
Article V. Contracts, Checks, Deposits, Funds and Assets
A. Contracts. The President may authorize any officer or officers, agent or agents of the Corporation in addition
to the officers so authorized by the Bylaws, to enter into any contract or execute and deliver any instrument in
the name and on behalf of the Corporation. Such authority may be general or confined to specific instances.
B. Checks, Drafts or Orders for Payment. All checks, drafts or orders for payment of money, notes or other
evidence of indebtedness issued in the name of the Corporation shall be signed by such officers or agents of the
Corporation and in such manner as from time to time be determined by the officers.
C. Deposits. All funds of the Association shall be deposited from time to time to the credit of the Association in
such banks, trust companies or other depositories as the officers may select.
D. Gifts. The directors may accept on behalf of the Corporation any contribution, gift, bequest or device for the
general purpose or special purposes of the Corporation.
E. Assets. The assets of the club shall include all physical items owned by the Corporation along with
intellectual property to include web sites and domain names. All such assets shall be registered either directly to
the Corporation or in the name of an officer for convenience. Any such assets registered in the name of any
officer shall remain under the direction of the Board and shall be re-registered to the Corporation upon a
majority vote of the Board.
Article VI. Amendments and Attachments
A. Amendments. The Bylaws of this Association may be amended, repealed, added to or new Bylaws may be
adopted by the vote or written assent of the majority of the members entitled to vote or a two-thirds (2/3)
majority of a quorum at a regular Corporation meeting.
B. Attachments. Copies of all current rules and guidelines as established shall be permanently attached to these
Bylaws. The Secretary/Treasurer shall be responsible for updating these copies as the situation demands.
Article VII. Miscellaneous
A. Controlling Law. These Bylaws shall be interpreted, governed and construed under the laws of New Mexico.
B. Severability. If any provision of these Bylaws or any part thereof is declared invalid by any court of
competent jurisdiction, such action shall not affect the validity of these Bylaws, and the remainder of these
Bylaws shall remain in full force and effect according to the terms of the remaining provisions or parts of
provisions hereof.
The Bylaws were originally adopted by Rio Grande Soaring Association, Inc. on the 4 th day of April, 1992.
These Bylaws were amended by the Rio Grande Soaring Association, Inc. on the 20th day of January, 2018.
These Bylaws were amended by the Rio Grande Soaring Association on this 28th day of July, 2018.